- Too much head room - having too much space between the top of a subject’s head and the top of the frame
- Too little head room - having not enough space between the top of the frame and a subject (often referred to as “cutting off someone’s head”)
- Making sure a subject is looking across the frame or has space (looking room) to do so
- Very important with interviews
- Also important with a subject that is moving, need to give them room/space to move into.
- Referred to as “leading”
- Meant to establish the scene and story taking place.
- Wide view of an entire setting.
- Head to waist/stomach (middle)
- Head to toe
- Also called a Long Shot
- Want the whole subject in the shot
- Tight shot of face or object
- Used to show detail or focus in on a certain action or object
Extreme Close Up
- An even tighter shot than a regular close up.
- Looking for extreme detail
- Moving (panning on tripod) the camera horizontally
- Example: following a subject walking across the screen
- Example: going from side to side of a long object like a sign or vehicle
- Moving (tilting on tripod) the camera vertically
- Example: going from someone’s head all the way down to their toes
- Example: Going from the bottom of a building all the way to the top
- Shot from up high looking down on a subject.
- The idea is to make the subject look small, weak, vulnerable.
- Shot from the ground or low spot looking up at a subject
- The idea is to make the object look bigger, taller. Gives the illusion of greater stature.